This will probably work within ASOC too, since do shell script works there. On macOS, the powershell “executable” is pwsh, usually in usr/local/bin/pwsh for the non-beta versions. If you run pwsh -h, you see that the pwsh utility is quite versatile, and by using the -c parameter, you can treat it like osascript, in that you can pass it a single command as a string, or an entire script block. You can also pass it a PowerShell script with the -f command. So to use this from within AppleScript/JXA, (AppleScript syntax shown), it looks like:
do shell script "/usr/local/bin/pwsh -c \"Get-PSDrive\" "
You can also use this with custom modules:
do shell script "/usr/local/bin/pwsh -c \"Get-MacInfo HardwareModelID\" "
So if you want to use a slightly more coherent shell environment like PowerShell from within AppleScript, you can.